Repository: Research Square

Full Name: Research Square
Short Name (or Acronym):
Description: Research Square lets you share your work early, gain feedback from the community, and start making changes to your manuscript prior to peer review in a journal.
Accepted Content Types: Multiple article types (including research articles, systematic reviews, method articles, data articles), Preprints
Certificate or Labels:
Closure Date:
Contact: Communication tools
Disciplinary Scope: All academic fields
Keywords: Sharing of the work, Feedback from the community, Manuscript improvement
Launch Date: Oct-18
Platform: Custom software
Platform Languages: English
Record Count: Full text : 88 442
Repository Type: Multidisciplinary
Service Pricing: None
Status: Open
Terms of Use: Yes
Last Update: 7/13/21
Accessibility of Conflict of Interest Procedures:
Business Model: For Profit
Funding: Other business model not based on direct preprinting charges or associated journal publishing (publishing services by Research Square)
Objectives: At Research Square Company, we're committed to making research communication faster, fairer, and more useful. We do this by developing innovative software and high quality services for the global research community. Our growing team of researchers and industry professionals works together to solve the most critical problems facing scientific publishing.
Countries: <a href="">United States</a>
Owner Full Name: Research Square
Owner Short Name:
Owner URL:
Ownership Type: Publishing services organisation
Scientific Technical Committees: Yes : scientists are part of the advisory board .
User Committees: Yes : Advisory Board
Access to Content: Anyone may access full items free of charge
Access to Metadata: Anyone may access the metadata free of charge
Account Creation: Free, Only needed for submission
Backups: Yes : Preprints permanently archived in Portico
Functional Description: Yes via Q&A
Interoperability: Yes via API (JSON)
Metadata Formats: None or Cross Ref Medata format
Metadata Languages: English
Metadata Properties: Title, Identifier, Publication/deposition date, Author name(s), Abstract, Author affiliation(s), Funder acknowledgement(s), Subject category, Full-text content, References, License type(s), Relational link to journal publication version (where it exists)
Method for Reuse of Metadata: Openly available via Crossref
Open Source: No
Permission for Re-use of Metadata: None
Persistence of Content: Yes : Preprints permanently archived in Portico
Preservation Policy:
Function Service Details
Bibliographic References Management Local function ReadCube integration
Commenting/Annotation Local function Yes : Commenting (including annotation plug-ins)
Endorsement Local function Yes via badges
Endorsement Research Square
Indexing/Search Local function Yes : Google Scholar, Crossref, Researcher-app
Indexing/Search Google Scholar
Indexing/Search Crossref
Indexing/Search Researcher App
Metrics Local function Views, Downloads, Altmetrics, Comments, Citations are visible to everyone. _scite and Dimensions badges as well
Metrics Altmetric
Metrics Dimensions
Metrics Scite
Revision and Follow-up Local function Yes : In Review Service
Text Mining Local function Yes via HMTL (note that HTML is not available on all preprints)
Writing/Formatting Local function Yes : AJE, Professional and automated diting services
Academic Applicant Only?: Yes
Accepted Content Formats: doc, docx, RTF, Tex/LaTeX. Accepts Tex and pdf but these cannot yet be converted to html
Accepted Content Languages: English
Accepted Content Level: Research only
Accepted Supplementary Content: data set can be associated to the file under the same DOI. Videos and protocols can also be associated via "associated publications" (not captured in metadata)
Associated Editor: Submit directly or upon submission to BMC journals, Nature journals, and others from Springer Nature portfolio listed at
Associated Journal: Submit directly or upon submission to BMC journals, Nature journals, and others from Springer Nature portfolio listed at
Availability of Associated Content: Supplementary files are gathered within the platform
Journal Submission: Unrestricted
Licensing: Authors must use CC BY license
Mechanisms to Report Concerns About Content: Email administrator
Mechanisms to Report Concerns About Plagiarism: Email administrator
Moderation: Checks are conducted for alarming, potentially dangerous, or highly controversial claims; pseudoscience; biosecurity threats; ethic approval where needed; personal identifiers
Peer Review Status Indication: Yes
Persistent Identifier: DOI
Remaining Indrawn Item: For withdrawals, v2 is posted with withdrawal notice but v1 still fully visible. For removals, v1 is replaced by removal notice.
Text Embargo: No, only if the publisher imposes an embargo period
Time from Submission to Posting: Between 24h to 48h
Versioning Policy: Accepts new version. All version are archived and visible for readers.
Who can Deposit?: Anyone can post on the platform. Only an account is required ( The creation of the account is free).
Withdrawal Authorisation: Platform
Withdrawal Policy: Yes. Possible in those cases : Contravention of copyright, ethical and legal issues