Repository: HAL

Full Name: HAL
Short Name (or Acronym): HAL
Description: HAL is an open archive where authors can deposit scholarly documents from all academic fields.
Accepted Content Types: Journal articles, Preprints, Working Papers, Reports, Conference papers, Theses, Book sections,images, videos, software code
Certificate or Labels:
Closure Date:
Contact: [email protected]
Disciplinary Scope: All academic fields
Keywords: Author self-archived, open archive
Launch Date: 3/1/02
Platform: HAL has developed its own technology to implement its platform
Platform Languages: English and French
Record Count: Full text : 1 100 465 including 47 527 preprints
Repository Type: National common open archive platform
Service Pricing: None
Status: Open
Terms of Use: Yes
Last Update: 10/7/22
Accessibility of Conflict of Interest Procedures:
Business Model: Non Profit
Funding: Financial support from MESR, CNRS, INRIA and INRAÉ + institutional portals fees
Objectives: HAL is a tool of direct scientific communication between researchers. HAL makes their scientific output widely available, discoverable, usable and long term accessible
Countries: <a href="">France</a>
Owner Full Name: HAL is the French national open repository, it’s a research infrastructure of the French Ministry of higher Education and Research. HAL is managed by the Center for Direct Scientific Communication (CCSD), a common service unit joining CNRS, INRIA and INRAÉ, national research organizations
Owner Short Name: CNRS, INRIA and INRAÉ
Owner URL:
Ownership Type: Public scientific research organisation
Scientific Technical Committees: Yes : International scientific council.
User Committees: Yes : Partners assembly and international scientific council
Access to Content: Anyone may access full items free of charge
Access to Metadata: Anyone may access the metadata free of charge
Account Creation: Free, Only needed for submission
Backups: Yes : Text files in pdf format or image files are sent to CINES for long-term archiving
Functional Description: Yes : Tutorials (video) are available, online documentation, webinars and training sessions
Interoperability: Yes, The HAL open archive and its portals are harvestable via the OAI-PMH protocol + API are free to use
Metadata Formats: Yes : Dublin Core, DC Terms, XML-TEI, BibTeX, EndNote. For more information on OAI-PMH formats :
Metadata Languages: English and French
Metadata Properties: Mandatory : Type of document, domain, title, language of the document, author(s) of the documents, At least 1 affiliation. For more information :
Method for Reuse of Metadata: Openly available via OAI and API
Open Source: Yes
Permission for Re-use of Metadata: Metadata is licensed under CC0:
Persistence of Content: Yes : Text files in pdf format or image files are sent to CINES for long-term archiving
Preservation Policy: Yes
Function Service Details
Bibliographic References Management Local function Yes : BibTeX, TEI, DC, Dcterms and EndNote
Data And Code Sharing Software heritage
Endorsement Local function Yes : Episciences : overlay platform for journals
Endorsement Episciences
Indexing/Search Local function Yes : Google Scholar, BASE, CORE, Isidore, ScanR, DART-Europe, OpenAIRE, arXiv, PubMed, PubMed Central, RePec, Software-Heritage, Episciences
Indexing/Search Google Scholar
Indexing/Search Bielefeld Academic Search Engine
Indexing/Search CORE
Indexing/Search OpenAire explore
Indexing/Search ISIDORE
Indexing/Search scanR
Indexing/Search DART Europe
Indexing/Search PubMed
Indexing/Search RePEc
Metrics Local function Number of views of the record and the number of downloads of the file in a widget called Metrics. Metrics are available for : author, depositor, structure, collection, portal

Metrics can be found on each preprint's Metrics tab : view, clicks
Metrics Altmetric
Peer Review Local function Yes, via Peer Community In
Peer Review Peer Community in
Text Mining Local function Yes, but it should not be for commercial use
Writing/Formatting Local function Yes : Compiling from LaTex possible
Academic Applicant Only?: Yes
Accepted Content Formats: tex, eps_tex, ps_tex, pstex, pdf_tex, pdf_t, pdftex, zip, odc, ods, pages, cls, clo, cnf, sty, bst, bib, bbl, toc, idx, aux, def, loc, table, pdf, doc, docx, txt, dot, dotx, rtf, odf, odt, ott, html, htm, ppt, pptx, pot, potx, pps, ppsx, pptm, ppsm, ps, eps, odp, ots, key, knt, xls, xlsx, xlsm, xltx, xlt, xml, xsl, jpg, jpeg, jpe, jps, png, gif, tif, tiff, ms3d, odg, otg, pct, svg, gls, aac, ac3, aif, aifc, aiff, au, bwf, mp2, mp3, M4r, ogg, ogm, ra, ram, wma, wav, avi, flv, mov, movie, mp4, mpe, mpeg, mpg, qt, rm, rmvb, rv, vob, wmv, m4a, c, py, h, m, mpl
Accepted Content Languages: Any languages
Accepted Content Level: Research only
Accepted Supplementary Content: full text, appendix, image, map, video, sound. Those are associated with the preprint
Associated Editor: No
Associated Journal: No
Author PID: IdHAL and ORCID. For more informations :
Availability of Associated Content: The full text of the publications you submit may be supplemented by appendices: any document you consider useful such as illustrations, maps, slideshows, etc.
Journal Submission: Unrestricted
Licensing: Authors are provided with a choice of licenses: CC0, CC BY, CC BY-NC, CC BY-ND, CC BY-NC-ND, or no reuse; with no preference for which license chosen
Mechanisms to Report Concerns About Content: Support platform : [email protected]
Mechanisms to Report Concerns About Plagiarism: Support platform : [email protected]
Moderation: The following items are checked: file integrity, after uploading correspondence between the content of the file and the metadata and compliance with the publisher's policy for published documents. All repositories with files (full text, appendix, image, map, video, sound) are manually checked before being put online.
Peer Review Status Indication: No
Persistent Identifier: HALid
Remaining Indrawn Item: Any deposit is definitive, no withdrawals will be made after the on-line posting of the publication (within the limits of the law)
Text Embargo: No, only if the publisher imposes an embargo period
Time from Submission to Posting:
Versioning Policy: Accepts new versions (content correction, layout improvement, editor version, etc.). Once it has been put online, the most recent version is proposed by default for consultation, but old versions are visible
Who can Deposit?: Anyone can post on the platform. Only an account is required ( The creation of the account is free).
Withdrawal Authorisation: Platform
Withdrawal Policy: No